Linux常用发行版本换国内源

前言

最近折腾各种发行版本Linux~国内机器安装东西有点慢,所以整理了Ubuntu(乌班图)、CentOSDebian(大便)的常用Linux换国内源的方法,以便日后翻阅。


Ubuntu换APT源

备份源

备份原始的源,以防以后可以用的

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

更换源

使用gedit打开文档,将下边的源复制进去,然后点击保存关闭

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

将下边的阿里源复制进去

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe

高校、网易源

西安电子科技大学源(只有校内网网线使用,但是不限制流量,还是十分靠谱的)

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

清华大学源

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

网易源

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse

更新源

sudo apt-get update

复损坏的软件包,尝试卸载出错的包,重新安装正确版本的

sudo apt-get -f install

更新软件

sudo apt-get upgrade

CentOS换YUM源

备份源

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.bak

更换源

查看自己按照的CentOS系统的版本

cat /etc/system-release

根据系统版本号,下载对应yum源配置文件到上面那个文件夹内

进入到yum源配置文件所在的文件夹

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

阿里源

1.CentOS7

wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo

2.CentOS6

wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo

3.CentOS5

wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-5.repo

网易源

1.CentOS7

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS7-Base-163.repo

2.CentOS6

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo

3.CentOS5

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS5-Base-163.repo

更新源

yum生成缓存

yum makecache

更新系统

yum -y update

Debian换APT源

备份源

mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

更换源

编辑/etc/apt/sources.list文件

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

将下边的阿里源复制进去,然后点击保存关闭

http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian wheezy main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian wheezy main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

网易源

deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie-updates main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie-backports main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ jessie-backports main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ jessie/updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ jessie/updates main non-free contrib

更新源

apt-get update

本文章转载自Mark's Blog,原地址:https://www.quchao.net/Linux-Mirrors.html

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